Smart Cities

As of 2014, 54% of the earth’s population resides in urban areas, a percentage expected to reach 66% by 2050. This increase would amount to 2.5B people added to urban populations. At the same time, there are now 28 mega-cities (with 10M people) worldwide, accounting for 22% of the world’s urban population, and projections indicate more than 41 mega-cities by 2030. It stands to reason that the management and sustainability of urban areas has become one of the most critical challenges our societies face today.

Read an Introductory Article about Smart Cities

Recent Plenary Talks about Smart Cities:

“Smart Cities as Cyber-Physical Systems”
ACM/IEEE 6th Intl. Conference on Cyber-Physical Systems
April 2015 [ DOWNLOAD ]

“Smart Cities as Cyber Social Physical Systems”
55th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control (CDC),
December 2016 [ DOWNLOAD ]

There are several projects in our research group addressing issues in Smart Cities which we often view as an instance of a complex stochastic Cyber-Physical System (CPS). Among the multitude of functions a city supports, transportation dominates in terms of resource consumption, strain on the environment, and frustration of its citizens. For example, based on the 2011 Urban Mobility Report, the cost of commuter delays has risen by 260% over the past 25 years and 28% of U.S. primary energy is now used in transportation. Moreover, road congestion is responsible for about 20% of fuel consumption in urban areas and a report by INRIX estimates that the cumulative cost of traffic congestion in the U.S. will reach $2.8 trillion by 2030 – equal roughly to the entire annual tax revenue. Thus, much of our Smart City research has been focusing on transportation.

A Cyber-Physical Infrastructure for the “Smart City”

”Smart Parking”: An Optimal Parking Assignment and Reservation System

Effective Classification and Actionable Obstacle Detection from Roadway Data

A Smart-city Cloud-based Open Platform and Ecosystem (SCOPE)

Dynamic Resource Allocation for Energy-Efficient Urban Mobility

New Frontiers for SimEvents: Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) and Automated Sensitivity Analysis

New Driving Models and Controllers for Connected Autonomous Vehicles

Simultaneous Optimization of Vehicle and Powertrain Operation Using Connectivity and Automation

A Dynamic Optimization Framework for Connected Automated Vehicles in Urban Environments